12 What do you understand by the term agile testing
Introduction to Agile Methodology
Agile Methodology is one form of software development methodology. Its primaryfocus is on the continuous delivery of customer satisfaction. The focus ofagile is more on controlling the project scope. The Agile plan sets minimumrequirements and transforms them into a service that can be implemented.
What is Agile Methodology?
Agile Methodology is a technique that supports continuous developmentiteration and validation throughout the project’s life cycle of softwaredevelopment. Unlike the Waterfall design, development and testing activitiesare simultaneous.Agile Methodology is a project management methodology, which arranges projectsacross four elements and 12 principles. Here is an agile overview of a methodand everything you need to know about this Methodology.
The Agile Manifesto article’s 12 main principles are designed to evaluate:1. Our highest priority is to support the customers through providing usefulsoftware early and consistently: The Agile Methodology’s first principlestates that customers should receive project deliverable or prototypes atfrequent intervals during the project life, rather than just one productdelivery at the end.2. Welcome customer requirements, even early in development, Agile processeschange activate for the competitive advantage of the customer: One of thedifficulties Manifesto authors found with traditional project management wasthat customer applications for last-minute change were difficult to satisfy.But now, Agile projects will adapt to any changes with minimal delay, nomatter how late in the process.3. Frequently produce working code, from a few weeks to a few months, with apreference for the shorter time-frame: Agile projects are planning frequent,short project timelines allowing a good result of workable products.Sometimes, Agile projects are separated into sprints or task cycles of 1 to 4weeks, each resulting in the delivery of a service.4. Across the whole project, business, people, and designers will worktogether every day: The Agile principle states that frequent interaction iscritical to the success of the project with all stakeholders. It usuallyinvolves a short regular meeting with the project team as well as any otherkey stakeholders.5. Create projects among peoples who are driven. Offer them the environment they need and support, and trust them to do the job: A vital concept of the technique of Dynamic software development is that the right people should be placed in the right positions and given the flexibility they need to do their jobs well. Developing a project team based on skills is critical rather than job positions or company names. The project manager must concentrate on inspiring and helping the project team rather than micromanaging them. 6. Face-to-face communication is the most efficient and effective way of transmitting information to and within a development team: The Agile Manifesto developers firmly believe in the importance of co-locating organizations and stakeholders whenever possible, because face-to-face interaction is more effective than other methods like email or phone. If you cannot co-locate your group, video conferencing is an alternative that can still capture some of the same quality, such as non-verbal signals.7. The primary measure of progress is working code: The Agile Methodology’s focus is on achieving completed, functional outcomes. This should also take precedence over any additional requirements, such a documentation of the design. Such metrics, such as hours spent or time elapsed, are also not considered as necessary as the availability of work materials.8. Agile systems are supporting sustainable development. A constant pace should be maintained indefinitely by sponsors, developers, and users: Agile projects should have a consistent speed within the design for each iterative process or Sprint according to this theory. This failure would remove the need for overtime or plans to crash while encouraging the regular production of workable goods. It should also create a repeatable loop that can be followed as long as necessary by the group continuously.9. Continuous emphasis on technical excellence and good design increasesagility: An Agile project will focus primarily on improving the end productand making progress over time. In other words, each iteration should always bean improvement over the previous iteration, and the team should always seeknew ideas.10. Simplicity is essential – the art of minimizing the amount of work thatis not completed: The goal of the agile project is to do just enough tocomplete the requested project successfully and to conform to the requiredspecification. Any additional documentation, steps, processes, or work thatdoes not add value to the customer or improve the outputs of the projectshould be avoided or removed.11. Write down anything you want to paraphrase it, press the Quill It button on the right: Agile is based on the belief that to deliver the best results and goods, inspired, autonomous, and skilled teams are needed. Units should be encouraged to organize themselves and structure when appropriate. They should be able to collaborate and innovate as they see fit, without too much control being impeded.12. The group is focusing on how to become more successful at regularintervals, then tuning and adapting its behavior accordingly: A successfully,self-motivated team requires a strong emphasis on how to continue to grow &improve their skills and processes. The group must review their progress andoutcomes regularly, including exploring how they can develop as they moveforward.
Phases of Agile Methodology
There are six phases in agile Methodology: 1. Concept 2. Inception 3. Iteration 4. Release 5. Production 6. RetirementConcept: – Based on value, programs, and feasibility, denoted envisaged, andprioritized.Inception: – A team is set up, team members are identified individually, afund is set up, and any initial requirements are discussed and decided upon.Iteration: – The project team starts to work on the development of the projectusing code applied with the agile approach based on the needs for refinementand input.Release: – Quality monitoring, training, both internal and external, and thedevelopment of information and reporting.Production: – The Agile approaches help to keep track of your plan and ensurethat it is continually optimized and able to recover from any sudden changesor difficulties.Retirement:– Activities at the end of life.
History of Agile Methodology
* The history of the agile technique can be traced back to the 1990s, 1975s, and the 1960s. However, everybody acknowledges that with the development of the Manifesto for Agile Software Development, published in 2001, Agile has taken root. * Initially it was created on February 2001, the Agile Report created a new way to manage software development. This report was the result of a conference in Utah, where a group of leading developers of software met to discuss problems and potential solutions to the industry. * This group of individuals acknowledged that a better way to get products to market quicker was necessary by the software industry. They aimed to develop new strategies for modifications in product and plan without significantly affecting the cost of the project or slowing the pace of development. * It was decided that a design could be developed and tested easily and quickly by dividing iterations into shorter iterations.
Features of Agile Methodology
There are Multiple Features of Agile Methodology * Iterative * Modularity * Time Boxing * Parsimony * Incremental * Adaptive * Convergent * Collaborative * People-Oriented IterativeThe main goal of agile application systems is customer satisfaction, so withmultiple iterations, it focuses on a single requirement.ModularityThe agile cycle breaks down the entire system into manageable components.Modularity plays a significant role in the processes of software development.Time BoxingAs an agile method is iterative, each module with its respective durationneeds time limits.ParsimonyIn agile systems, parsimony is provided by a minimum number of modules tomitigate risks and achieve the goals.IncrementalSince the agile Methodology is iterative in nature, it involves gradualcreation of the system, where, each increment is independent of others, andeventually, all increases are merged into the whole system.AdaptiveSince the agile method is iterative, it involves incremental creation of theprogram. Every increment is independent of others, and eventually, allincreases. Because of the iterative nature of the agile process, new risks mayarise. The flexible feature of the Agile system enables the systems to bemodified to meet the latest threats and allows changes in the requirements ofreal-time.ConvergentBy using iterative and gradual strategy, all the risks associated with eachincrease are concurrent in the active phase.CollaborativeBecause agile approaches are versatile, the software development team needsexcellent communication. At the end of the software development process,separate modules must be combined.People-OrientedCustomer satisfaction in Agile systems is the first concern over software andprocedure. A good software development team improves the software’s qualityand profitability.
Process flow of Scrum Methodologies
Process flow of scrum is as follows: * Each iteration of a scrum is named as Sprint * Project backlog is a list that includes all the information to procure the end product. * Top consumer stories of the Service Backlog were picked during each Sprint and translated into Sprint Backlog * The team works on the established sprint backlog * Team reviews for everyday work * The team delivers product features at the end of the Sprint
DSDM (Dynamic Software Development Method)
Dynamic Software Development Method is a RAD (Rapid Application Development)Methodology Software development and creates an agile project framework forproduction. DSDM (Dynamic Software Development Method) important element isthat customers need to be actively involved, and the teams have the power tomake decisions. For DSDM, consumer delivery is the current priority. DSDM has7 stages, which are given below: * Min Project * Feasibility Study * Analysis of business * Iteration of the logical framework * Model and build variation * Execution * Max Project
Agile Software methodology – The Iterative Approach
Agile is a development method that is quick and responds swiftly to change. Itis an iterative approach to software development where variables likerequirements, designing, building, testing etc. run parallel to each other, insmaller timeframes called Sprints. In Agile software development methodology,project requirements are not defined upfront, but evolve naturally throughcollaboration with clients.With the Agile method, the project is broken into small tasks that do notrequire a lot of planning. The time frame for iterations is also small,typically between one and four weeks. At the end of each iteration, theproduct is presented to the clients. As a result, the risk is minimum and theproject can adapt to any change in requirements quickly. The feedback loop isvery short. As a result, any issues can be addressed immediately. The lines ofcommunication between clients, the development team and the testing team areopen, which leads to increased efficiency.If you are looking for a project management methodology, which has an easylearning curve and can help your team improve and grow in a collaborativeenvironment, Agile is the answer. As more and more enterprises work towardsdeploying cloud based services to render the best IT experience, and the focusshifts to quality and productivity, adopting agile methodology for softwaredevelopment is certainly a step in the right direction. According to the 2015CHAOS Report by Standish Group, the success rate of Agile projects was 39% ascompared to only 11% in case of Waterfall. While introducing Agile into yourorganization might seem challenging in the initial stages, but the effort istotally worth it. Practicing Agile introduces elements like continuous qualityimprovement and cost-effectiveness into your system, which making it a perfectalternative to the traditional waterfall methodology.
12) What do you understand by the term agile testing?
The agile testing is the software testing process which is fully based on theprinciple of agile software development. It is the iterative approach wherethe user story becomes the output of the collaboration between the productowner and the development team.* * *
17) Name some methodologies and development where you have used the agile
model.While answering this type of question, keep in mind to mention thosemethodologies from which you are familiar whit. Some of the methodologieswhere agile is used are: * Crystal methodologies * Lean software development * Dynamic development * Feature-driven development* * *
02 Jul What is Agile Project Management?
Agile project management is essentially a methodology created from aculmination of decades of software development life cycle (SDLC) practicesinto a more iterative and incremental way of developing software.The Agile methodology breaks down a large software project into iterativecycles of 2-4 weeks, which bears a lot of benefits to the entire developmentprocess. Going into a software project, developers must consider manyvariables and options such as functional requirements, budgets, team sizes,platforms, databases, and much more. These variables may change over thecourse of a SDLC. By breaking big software projects down into iterations,teams can more swiftly pivot as changes occur: a skill also known as agility.