14 Describe the process in the Agile Scrum methodology
14. Describe the process in the Agile Scrum methodology
Scum is a cyclical process.Each Scrum sprint is repeated until the product is refined and released in itsfinal form to the customer.For example, let’s say that Liz asks you to build an app to help her managethe team better.Your Scrum cycle will start by first understanding and documenting herrequirements thoroughly.Considering her long list of issues, it might take quite some time.In the production stage, you’ll start developing the product in short sprintsof two to four weeks each.After each Scrum sprint, the current version of the software will be testedwith its target audience. In this case, it’s Liz and her writers.Using the team’s feedback, you’ll start the next Scrum sprint. And just likethat, you’ll be closer to a more focused, feedback-driven product with eachScrum cycle!
20. What kind of Agile management software can help you manage a Scrum
project?Your usual Agile Scrum interview not only tests your theoretical understandingof the methodologies but also how you can implement it realistically.And part of that is knowing what kinds of software can support an Agileproject manager.While you have many options available in the market, you deserve nothing butthe best.That’s why you need ClickUp.But what’s ClickUp?ClickUp is the world’s leading project management tool that’s used by 100,000+teams from startups to tech giants like Google, Netflix, Nike, and Airbnb tomanage their Agile projects easily.With a wide variety of Agile software development and collaboration features,it’s got everything to support Jack Donaghy’s cut-throat efficiency!Here are some of the many amazing Agile features ClickUp offers your team:But that’s not all!The list of ClickUp’s Agile project management features is like Liz’s favoritekind of cheese platter: never-ending… with new ones added every week.
The Waterfall Methodology
As the name suggests, the waterfall development methodology is a steppedapproach that includes all the vital processes needed for successful softwaredevelopment. It consists of a prescribed set of activities like informationgathering, designing, development, and testing required for successful productdevelopment.One cannot move to the next step unless the stakeholder approves the previouswork. Waterfall methodology is quite popular and beneficial for industrieswith sequential processes like the manufacturing, or supply chain industry.Here’s a peek into how the waterfall development methodology works.
Waterfall And Agile Model Workflows
In simple English, Agile means ‘able to move quickly and easily’ and hencethat is what it means when it comes to the Agile development methodology.Agile is a method of project management that is represented by splitting thetasks into shorter segments of work with frequent reviews and adaptation ofplans.Similarly, the word waterfall denotes a vertical flow of water or the flow ofwater through a series of steep drops. The waterfall model is a linearsequential model in which the progress flows majorly in one directiondownwards through the phases of requirement gathering, analysis, design,development, testing, deployment, and maintenance.This same illustration applies to the concept of project management when itcomes to the waterfall model. It is a method of project management that isrepresented by serial stages and a fixed plan of work.[image source]Before discussing the Waterfall workflow and Agile workflow, let us have alook into the Software Development Life Cycle definition and its requirements.
1) Waterfall Model
As discussed earlier, the waterfall model is the first introduced softwaredevelopment life cycle. It is the sequential way of developing software. Veryfew companies follow this approach. When the project is very simple and thereare no further requirements changes, we will follow this approach.We will discuss more on the waterfall model in this tutorial.
In the Waterfall model, each phase should be completed before starting anotherphase. We cannot operate multiple phases at the same time. This was introducedin 1970 by Winston Royce. The Waterfall model is divided into differentphases.[image source]Waterfall Model includes the following phases: 1. Requirement collection 2. Feasibility study 3. Design 4. Coding 5. Testing 6. Maintenance
Now we will see the Agile Software development life cycle. Agile is theprocess of doing work quickly and easily with more accuracy.This model is related to a method of project management, used especially forsoftware development. It is characterized by the division of tasks into shortphases of work and frequent reassessment and adaptation of plans. Each teammember should have the idea of the basic business flows.[image source]In Agile, developers and testers work parallelly to develop and test theapplication software. Development is done in iterative mode. Each iterationuser stories requires the analysis, design, coding, and testing.We test the requirement in a detailed manner to verify if the requirement iserror-free and implementable or not. Switch to next iteration after the end ofeach iteration and we follow the same process to the new/other requirements.Thus, this process of developing and testing the block of software isperformed in a short duration of time with more accuracy and flexibility. Somore industries follow and adopt this process.First, the product owner will add all requirements to the product backlog. Theproduct backlog contains all the user stories. Let us say, 100 to 150 userstories are related to the complete project. Now add the particular userstories to the sprint backlog which we need to be implemented. Then, all thedevelopers, QA, BA will work on the sprint items. This is how Agile flowworks.
The Agile Process
The Agile process can be broken down into seven steps. The final four stepsare in fact a cycle, which will be repeated and only end when the project isdeemed finished.The first step is to identify the project vision. This step is typicallyperformed by the project owner and it defines what the project is, how it willsupport the overall business strategy, who will benefit from the project andhow that will happen.The second step consists of building a project roadmap. Also part of theproject owner’s duties, this stage is required for the methodology to work.Project requirements should be set, along with a timeframe. Prioritizing is acritical part of this step. However, all of this should be considered a roughestimate, as part of the Agile method is to adapt to the customer’s response.The third step is to create a release plan. The release plan consists of atimeframe for sprints. Sprints are iterative release of the product/servicebuilt by the team in order to get feedback from customers. The release planshould set the pace on how often these iteration are released to customers forfeedback.The fourth step is to plan and execute each sprint. In each sprintrequirements are prioritized according to the feedback and the originalroadmap.The fifth step is to hold daily meetings. These meetings should last around 15minutes and include the whole the project team discussing what was done theprevious day and what will be done that day. It also gives the opportunity forteam members to discuss roadblocks and other problems.The sixth step is to hold sprint reviews. These occur at the end of eachsprint and consist of releasing the new version of the product/service tostakeholders for feedback.The seventh step is to hold a retrospective sprint. This meeting discusses theprevious sprint, and pinpoints what went well and what went wrong to improveon the next sprint.
Using Agile outside of software
As mentioned before, although Agile is mostly seen in the software developmentfield, it can be used for any field.In a paper published on the Project Management Development Journal by theUniversity of Latvia, research from previous scientific publications foundthat using agile project management can be successful.It also underlines that “The main benefits reported from case studies in anon-software development context were related to teamwork, customerinteraction, productivity and flexibility.”According to Allan Kelly, a London-based software consultant, a good way toadapt Agile methodology to your next project is to look at the Agile tool boxand choose which practices will be useful to your field.He also states that many of agile principles actually originated outside ofthe software development industry. For example, daily stand-up meetings (step5) were used in Japanese local governments as well as on oil-rigs. Similarly,retrospectives (step 7) were used by the US military and go by the name of“After Action Review”.
Beyond Agile Project Management Methodology
Agile project management evolved into different project managementmethodologies. The most common agile methodologies are Scrum, Kanban, Lean,extreme programming (XP) and test-driven development (TDD). Read our article on SCRUM methodology
Agile Testing Methodology for Software Development
Agile Testing is a software testing practise that follows the principles ofagile software development.Collaboration between the customer of the projectand the project team plays a key role. Collaboration in general plays asignificant role when it comes to agile testing and helps to align thedevelopment of the project with the needs of its stakeholders.Advantages of Agile Testing in Agile Software Development: * Agile Testing saves time and money. As we all know, in the business world, time is money so that’s always a plus. * Less documentation to fill out and write up which also saves you time, money and effort. * Regular feedback from the stakeholders and end-users of the project which means that the project can be completed to suit the end-user in the best way possible. * Daily agile meetings held as part of the method help to determine issues and be prepared for them well in advance. Testing is not a phase of the agile method. The phases will be explained laterone. Testing is continuous throughout the project and ensure continuousprogress. It helps the project to move along its path. Continuous feedback isgenerated so that the project can complete its goals to the specificrequirements of the project user to its highest potential.With the agile methodology everyone tests, which means teams, developers andother stakeholders whereas in the more traditional methodology only the teamtests.In agile testing continuous feedback in each iteration allows for a shortenedfeedback response time which in turn, means that resolving an issue that hasarisen will cost less and take up less time. Any defects are seen to in eachiteration which allows for a consistently clean code.Instead of long documentation, agile testers focus more on the test as a wholerather than incidental details by using reusable checklists. Normally, withmore traditional methods, testing is carried out after implementation whileagile testing is carried out alongside implementation.
Agile Methodology Phases
As is the case with a project, the agile methodology process also goes throughits own life cycle. There are six phases in agile methodology: 1. Concept: Projects and the viability are envisioned and prioritised according to importance. 2. Inception: A team is brought together, team members are individually identified, a fund is put in place and any initial requirements are discussed and decided. 3. Iteration/Construction: The project team begins to work on the project’s development using software implemented with the agile method focusing on iteration requirements and feedback. 4. Release: Quality testing, training, both internal and external and documentation and reporting are put into production. 5. Production: The Agile methods helps to keep track of your project and make sure it is constantly optimised and ready to bounce back from any sudden changes or uncertainties. 6. Retirement: End-of-life activities.These six phases conclude the full Agile method lifecycle model. The case maybe that an enterprise could have many different on-going projects. Theseproject each come with their own sprints (explained soon), different productlines, varying internal and external customers and different business needs.It is important to have a well-structured and organised project managementsoftware such as Sinnaps that can help take care of simultaneous projects andkeep the organised and monitored easily.