Android and iOS Mobile App Testing
Updated: 02/01/2021 by Computer HopeAndroid may refer to any of the following:1. An android is a robot that strongly resembles a human being.2. Initially founded by Andy Rubin in October 2003 and later acquired by Google on August 17, 2005. Android is a free Linux based platform and is an open software stack with an operating system, middleware, and applications. It was originally developed by Google and released on November 5, 2007, for mobile platforms.T-Mobile’s G1 phone (HTC Dream) is the first phone to be released to thepublic with Google Android on September 23, 2008. Android is a strong rival tothe Apple iOS, a closed operating system and platform used on the AppleiPhone.TipIt is not uncommon for a smartphone running Android to be referred to as adroid.
Since being released, there have been many versions of Android versions, whichis why if you have multiple Android devices, you’ll notice differences. Belowis a listing of each of the different major Android versions with their desertcodenames.Android version 1.0 released on September 23, 2008. Android version 1.5 (Cupcake) released on April 27, 2009. Android version 1.6 (Donut) released on September 15, 2009. Android version 2.0 released (Eclair) on October 29, 2009. Android version 2.1 released on January 12, 2010. Android version 2.2 (Froyo) released on May 20, 2010. Android version 2.3 (Gingerbread) released on December 6, 2010. Android version 3.0 (Honeycomb) released on February 22, 2011. Android version 3.1 released on May 10, 2011. Android version 3.2 released on July 15, 2011. Android version 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) released on October 8, 2011. Android version 4.1 (Jelly Bean) released on July 9, 2012. Android version 4.2 released on November 13, 2012. Android version 4.3 released on July 24, 2013. Android version 4.4 (KitKat) released on October 31, 2013. Android version 5.0 (Lollipop) released on November 3, 2014. Android version 6.0 (Marshmallow) released on October 5, 2015. Android version 7.0 (Nougat) released on August 22, 2016. Android version 8.0 (Oreo) released on August 21, 2017. Android version 8.1 released on February 27, 2019. Android version 9.0 (Pie) released on February 27, 2019. Android version 10 released on September 3, 2019. Android version 11 released on September 8, 2020.Google, Google Nexus, Google Pixel, Google Play, iOS, Moto Z, Nextel, Phoneterms, Smartphone, Ubuntu Touch, Wi-Fi callingThe difference between Android and iOS Mobile App TestingHope you have heard the famous advertising title – “There’s an app for that”.Quite literally, there are Mobile Apps available for everything. But beforebeing available to end-users, Mobile Testing is an important phase of a mobileapp’s development stage. Android and iOS Mobile App Testing is often quitedifferent. The purpose of this post is exactly that: to focus on differencesbetween iOS and Android that a tester must know.
Android and iOS Mobile App Testing
As the war between Google and Apple rages on, there is a battle in the testingworld that mirrors the epic giants. Developers, DevOps and IT Managers areperplexed as how to create the perfect testing strategy to fit into theirenterprise mobile strategy. A Tester must be able to test on both OSes and inorder to do that it must, first of all, know only the differences which havean impact to his/her testing process.Note: Though Mobile apps are available for android, iOS, Windows andBlackberry OS, since android and iOS dominate the market with more than 96%share, I have restricted this post to Android and iOS Mobile App Testing.
Google’s Android is based mainly on Linux OS which forms the kernel of Androidand “above” that kernel, a whole framework exists. The kernel and the corelibraries are written in C/C++ and the API, through which one can develophis/her applications, uses mainly Java. Android’s source code is released byGoogle under open source licenses, even if most Android devices ultimatelyship with a combination of open source and proprietary software.Android’s open nature has encouraged a large community of developers andenthusiasts to use the open-source code as a foundation for community-drivenprojects. Google Play is the main store to upload or download/install a newapp. Each developer, given that he/she has followed some basic developmentrules, can upload his/her app in Google Play and the quality of the app isjudged by its users.
One can directly install the Android App using .apk file format without theneed to use Google Play. Sometimes, the app under testing is already in GooglePlay. In that case, following the simple steps described at Google support isall what is needed for the installation of the app.The installation process of a new iOS app under testing is not so easy,compared to that of Android. For an app which is already in the App Store,things are easy: Just open App Store, search for the app and install it fromthere. For a testing app which is not in the App Store (a beta version, forexample), a tester must usually follow special instructions in order toachieve installation and that process is sometimes error-prone.
Android apps can be made with nearly any type of application design, whichadds additional complexity to the testing scope of the app for UI and UX. Thismeans that there may be differentiation between how the software acts ondifferent Android devices – something Apple users don’t experience.Since android is open source, Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEMs) are freeto build their own UI. Hence UI such as TouchWiz by Samsung, Sense by HTC,Xperia by Sony, and ZenUI by Asus varies in look and feel. So applicationneeds to be tested for specific UI as well.
App Testing Tools
Because of the great expansion of Android, a tester has many tools in his/herhands in order to test an Android app. There are application testingframeworks, testing tools and testing commands already included in the AndroidSDK. A tester can use Eclipse with ADT plugin or the new Android Studio, whichare complete IDEs, not only for developing but also for testing.Like Android, iOS offers a range of testing tools, frameworks and commands.The main IDE that a developer of iOS apps uses is the XCode which has includedin it debug and testing tools. It is worth mentioning that generating crashlogs is a system functionality of iOS that works fine and it’s very easy touse. You can also access console log messages of the iOS device (console logcontains information outputted by applications, error messages, warnings,debug info, and other notices) but in that case you need the iPhoneConfiguration Utility. This utility can be downloaded from Apple’s supportpages.
Testers prepping for Android & iOS Mobile App Testing
Despite the latest studies that show Android leading with more than 80 percentmarket share globally and 60 percent in the US, the data shows that Apple isleading the way in the Enterprise – enterprises in North America and Europeactually spend close to 50 percent of their time testing on iOS devices.Consumers may be leading the pack with their Android devices outside of workbut enterprises often take longer to adapt to market trends.The war will rage on and both Apple and Google will continue to produce newdevices, new versions of OS and new technology such as wearable devices. For atester ‘Apple’s iOS vs. Google’s Android’ conversation is out of scope.Certainly there are many differences between Android and iOS operating systemsbut a tester must be prepared for Android and iOS Mobile App Testing withoutproblems. Becoming “future ready” requires testing on trending devices andbeing aware of the constant battle between the two giants.A Brief History of Android Software DevelopmentIt is amazing how much Android software development has changed over the past10 years. To help you keep up with all the changes to Android OS, we havecreated a brief history of Android software development.By understanding the history of Android, you will know how to createsuccessful mobile apps for the Android OS.
Since that first phone in 2008, Google has launched 8 versions of their OSthat is installed on over 24,000 different devices.They have also released two major phone models: Pixel and Pixel 2, which didnot make a splash on the market despite an aggressive marketing campaign.Here is the usage of multiple Android OS versions.
Android Development Tools
Google and the Android development community created several tools to developmobile apps for Android. Here are some of the best tools for your next Androidapp.
1. Android Studio
This is the official Android development tool. Developers use it to build appsfor every type of Android device.Android Studio includes code editing, debugging, and performance tools. Usethese tools to build the high-quality apps you believe could help yourprospects.
Future of Android
Google is releasing a new version of Android this year — Android P. This newversion adds several powerful features: * App Actions and Slices for remote access to your apps; * Android App Bundle to make apps smaller; * Indoor navigation working off Wi-Fi networks; * Machine Learning and Augmented Reality SDKs for a new generation of AI-enabled apps; * Adaptive battery feature to save energy for our devices, etc.