Application lifecycle management tools
ALM Edition Feature Comparison
Each one of the license allows users to access certain ALM functionalities.Following Table lists the features that a particular license give you =Let’s study why would you purchase a particular version and whom is it suitedfor * HP ALM Essentials – This is for corporates that need just the basic features for supporting their entire software life cycle. It has access to requirements management, test management and Defect management. * HP QC Enterprise Edition – This license holds good for corporates who would like to use ALM exclusively for testing purposes. It also provides integration with Unified Functional Tester (UFT). * HP ALM Performance Center Edition – This license best suits for organizations who would like to use HP ALM to drive HP-Load runner scripts. It helps the users to maintain, manage, schedule, execute and monitor performance tests.
To learn the HP Application Lifecycle Management workflow, Let’s first study atypical test process- * We begin with Planning, Drafting, and Release details. Determine no of Cycles in each release & Scope of each release * For a given Release and Cycle, we draft the Requirements Specifications. * Based on the requirements, Test plans and test cases are created. * Next stage is executing the created tests plan * Next stage in this test processes is tracking and fixing the defects detected in the execution stage * During all stages, analysis is done, and reports and graphs are generated for test metric generation.HP ALM testing tool provides a module catering to each stage of the TestingProcess. We will study them in detail in later tutorials.What is application lifecycle management (ALM)?Application lifecycle management (ALM) is the people, tools, and processesthat manage the life cycle of an application from conception to end of life.ALM is made up of several disciplines that have often been separated underlegacy development processes, such as a waterfall development method,including project management, requirements management, software development,testing and quality assurance, deployment, and maintenance.Application lifecycle management supports agile and DevOps developmentapproaches by integrating these disciplines together and enabling teams tocollaborate more effectively for your organization..Adopting ALM also leads to continuous delivery of software and updates withfrequent releases, sometimes as often as several per day, as opposed to newreleases only coming every few months or once a year.Application lifecycle management provides a framework for software developmentwhile also helping you to manage your software over time. Following ALMpractices uses a lightweight, pre-established plan and requirements to turn anidea into an application.When approaching software development with ALM, you need to consider the wholelifespan of the application. Maintenance and future updates should be takeninto account, including when the application should be retired and replaced.By bringing these pieces together, ALM leads to faster deployments, improvedvisibility into your workflow, higher-quality products, and increaseddeveloper satisfaction.
After requirements for the application or update have been outlined and agreedto development can begin. Teams that follow the agile methodology fordevelopment may be developing and deploying as often as once, or even severaltimes, each day.Designing, building, testing, and deploying the application can all beconsidered part of the development phase.
Once the new application has been developed it will need to be tested and bugswill need to be resolved before moving forward into production.For agile and DevOps teams, testing should occur simultaneously withdevelopment. Feedback should be passed back to the development team in acontinuous manner.Continuous integration should be part of the development process to keep thesefrequent updates from conflicting with each other.The goal of the testing stage is to make sure that the requirements outlinedby governance have been met and that the application works as it should beforebeing released to users.
Application lifecycle management tools
ALM tools essentially function as project management tools that help you bringpeople and processes together. Look for a tool that includes version control,the ability for teams to communicate in real time, requirements managementfeatures, estimation and project planning, source code management, and testmanagement.You may find all of the features you need in 1 tool, or you may need tointegrate with additional tools—developer-specific tools, for example. The ALMtool you choose should also support your development process, whether it’sagile, waterfall, DevOps, or something else.Examples of ALM tools: * Atlassian Jira * IBM ALM solutions * CA Agile Central * Microsoft Azure DevOps Server * Tuleap * Basecamp
2) Agile Model
An agile workflow is an advanced approach to the software development process,which is used in the majority of companies. Agile is defined as the sprint-based software development life cycle.In the upcoming sections, we can discuss more on the Agile workflow.
4) Prototype Model
This model includes the process of building and testing the software in such away that, first we develop the dummy model and if it is feasible and reachesall the business requirements then we implement the actual working model.Here first, we built and test the prototype then built the actual model withthe exact system specifications. Software prototyping is the activity ofcreating prototypes of software applications.
Differences Between Agile Testing Vs Waterfall Testing
From the perspective of software testing, it is important for us to have afair idea about how Agile testing is different from Waterfall testing.Waterfall Testing| Agile Testing —|— Testing begins after the completion of the development and builds phases.|Testing starts concurrently with the development phase. Planning is done just once before the testing phase.| Planning is done beforethe project starts and is often done during the project. The test plan is rarely reviewed during the project.| The test plan isreviewed after every sprint. It is quiet challenging for the testing team to propose any changes in therequirements.| The test team actively participates in the requirementgathering and change process. Test cases are created once for all the functionalities.| Test cases arecreated sprint by sprint for the functionalities that need to be released ineach sprint. Acceptance testing is performed once by the client after the release.|Acceptance testing can be done after each iteration and before the delivery bya business analyst or the test team. Later, it is done by the customer after every release. Test teams and the development teams are separated by a clear boundary andthere is a strict and formal communication between them.| Test team and thedevelopment teams are integrated as one team and there is a free flow ofcommunication between them. Verbose and extensive test documentation.| Test documentation is done only asmuch as necessary. Test estimates and assignments are often the responsibility of the testmanager.| Test estimates and assignments are the shared responsibility of theteam and the test engineers who are involved in providing the estimates andchoosing their tasks. Regression testing is rarely done, and it involves execution of all the testcases.| Regression testing is done after each iteration and it involves onlythose test cases that are required.
ALM is a superset of Software Development Lifecycle
It is common that ALM is considered to be an equivalent of softwaredevelopment life cycle, SDLC. It is essential to differentiate that ALM is theprocess of managing complete product life cycle while SDLC is the process ofmanaging the software development lifecycle only.SDLC does not cater the project management activities of the product. SDLCdoes not take care of a system until is retired; rather SDLC finishes with thedeployment of the software system and a limited support time. This means thatALM considers operations as a part of application’s lifecycle.Software development lifecycle is alienated from the business processes. Onthe other hand, ALM serves as a support to business processes. As businessneeds change, the requirements and features of application also change. Theability to maintain and modify an application after it’s deployed is centralto ALM.The spectrum of ALM is the fullness of application right from the kick-off ofits idea to its handover to the end user which makes ALM and SDLC two separateentities with respect to project management.
Source code management is essentially required in product lifecycle managementto keep working copies of the code that is distributed in different groupswithin a team i.e., testers, support team and development teams. ALM toolsprovide this functionality of integrated source code management.Some ALM tools even provide integration with industry standard tools like Git.Although source code management is not a permanent part of ALM suites but someof the top notch ALM tools provide development tools integration so that thedevelopers can actually write code and that code is managed within that ALMtool which keeps away the hassle of a separate source code management tool.
ReQtest – Your ALM tool
ReQtest’s software management product identifies and addresses the requirementof a stronger connection between process modeling, quality assurancemanagement and requirements and use cases definition. The ReQtest modelcombines business process into application lifecycle management which governsthe various roles involved in the business process modeling and testingcycles, along with clear and better communication between end users andtechnical teams. This communication helps in betterment of business resultsand high level activities and high level requirements are identified.
What is the agile software development life cycle (SDLC)?
Let’s begin with the software development life cycle before moving onto itsagile form. Software development life cycle or SDLC is the approach ormethodology followed to design, develop, and test software. The main objectiveof any SDLC is to deliver high-quality software products within pre-definedcost and time restrictions. Now let us see how agile software development lifecycle is different.Agile software development life cycle combines both incremental and iterativeapproaches for developing software. The primary focus areas of agile SDLCinclude customer satisfaction and process adaptability. It ensures that bothof these are taken care of by rapid delivery of the required product. AgileSDLC involves the process of product development into incremental builds.These builds undergo constant iterations to ensure lower time consumption anda quality product.Teamwork is an essential component of agile software development life cycle.Different teams work collaboratively and make necessary amendments at variousstages to achieve the ultimate objective of the project. What are thedifferent phases of agile SDLC? Let us see.